28 Feb This manuscript preserves what is arguably the most valuable copy in existence of al-Maqāmāt al-ḥarīriyah (The assemblies of al-Hariri). The Al Maqamat al Hariri, also known as the Scherer Hariri after a previous owner, is one of the most overwhelmingly beautiful Arabic illuminated manuscripts. Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Al-Ḥarīrī. Islamic scholar. Sermon being preached from a minbar, miniature from the Maqāmāt of al-Ḥarīrī.

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Thank you for your feedback. Hhariri though the text itself and the reasons for its success are hardly topics for illustrations, thirteen of these manuscripts are known to have been provided with images inspired by narrative episodes from individual stories. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The author, Abu Muhammad al-Qasim ibn ‘Ali al-Hariri —was an Arab philologist, poet, and man of letters who was born near Basra in present-day Iraq.

The Assemblies of al-Hariri

Maqamat is an Arabic rhymed prose literary form with short poetic passages. Not what you were looking for?

Let us marvel at some of the beautiful illustrations found in a 13th century copy of Maqamat Al-Hariri. Al-Wasiti’s art can be interpreted as realism of intentin that he wanted to represent a specific recognizable world, without depicting every detail or feature. There was a problem with your submission. Development of literary prose In Islamic arts: Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

He wandered through Provence and also the Middle East, translating Arabic poetry and scientific works into Hebrew.

Maqamat Al-Hariri « Facsimile edition

A date palm, the village mosque, and the individual brick or adobe houses line the village street. Some of them, the village or the drove of camels, have even found many more uses than is legitimate to propose for them; in fact one can hardly look at the book of traditional Islamic or Arab culture, history, or society that does not illustrate its points with images from the Maqamat, even if they are not appropriate with respect to time or place.


In short, it is reasonable to define the art of al-Wasiti as one of realism of intent. The history of Muslim Civilisation is rich with a maqamatt range of literary genres that included in addition to the Maqamat, the Qissa storytellingHikaya live theatreKhayal al-Zhill shadow play. Of these, six are from the thirteenth century, five are from the fourteenth, one is probably from ahriri sixteenth or seventeenth century, and one is dated in the early eighteenth, even though one of its miniatures appears to be much earlier.

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Al-Ḥarīrī | Islamic scholar |

Produced in Southern Iraq in the first half of the 13th century, the manuscript features 99 surviving miniatures highly esteemed, in modern times, for their authentic depiction of real life. William Shakespeare, English poet, dramatist, and actor, often called the English national poet and considered…. Narratives of hhariri imagination Islamic literature In Islamic arts: It was completed in C.

The scene illustrates aspects of a village life. Internet URLs are the best.

This entire collection was lost — and there were no microfilms or microfiche copies. The plot follows the hijinks of a rogue character, Abu Zaydrecounted by al-Harith, a naive merchant travelling from one place to another. Due to publishers’ policies, some prices can’t be displayed online, however we can answer to direct enquiries. The almost-immediate popularity of the maqamat reached as far as Arab Spain, where Rabbi Judah al-Harizi circa —circa translated the assemblies into Hebrew under the title Mahberoth Itieland later composed his own Tahkemonithe so-called Hebrew maqamat.

The people involved in many of these activities may be slightly caricaturied, but with humour and sympathy, and their facial types, clothes, poses, or gestures can all be assumed to reflect observations made by the artist from the surrounding world.


We are happy to listen to your suggestions and improve this page. Type of Item Manuscripts. No other known copy of the work has as many such illustrations. Both the variety and the consistency of the illustrations allows one to understand, at first glance, the text just by looking at the depictions, for they are true-to-life naqamat of the activities of an ordinary Arab bourgeoisie community drinking in a tavern, sleeping, buying a slave etc.

Al-Hariri of Basra

Date Created Around – Dozens of manuscripts of Hariri’s Maqamat have been preserved from his own time, including a probable autograph, and hundreds have remained from the thirteenth and later centuries. Nearly every book on any aspect of Islamic, and especially Arab, history or culture uses these images to illustrate almost all topics except for military matters. His interest for people is balanced by a much smaller attention for the vegetation, primarily stereotyped.

Pinnacle of Islamic Painting Produced under the late Abbasid caliphatethe Al Maqamat al Hariri manuscript is an example of both literary and iconographic harjri sophistication. We have 1 facsimile edition of the manuscript “Maqamat Al-Hariri”: Mosul, Basra, Samara, and Baghdad.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Sign up for our Demystified newsletter and get this free guide. A woman in another doorway appears to call to someone, while a husband and wife nearby converse or argue.

Magnificently illustrated by Yahya ibn Mahmud al-Wasitiit recounts fifty short stories written by Abu Muhammad al Qasim ibn Hairi al-Hariri Toggle navigation World Digital Library. Mark Twain, American humorist, journalist, lecturer, and novelist who acquired international fame for…. It is unclear whether they were stolen or burnt.