A set of three orthogonally aligned torque rods wired up so they can generate a magnetic dipole field of either sign (i.e. flip the North and South. Magnetic Torquers. These devices interact with the Earth’s magnetic field and create control torque, which can be adjusted to the required value. Combined with. In this work the issue of acceleration disturbances onboard of GRACE due to magnetic torquers is investigated and discussed. Each of the.

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A set of three orthogonally aligned torque rods wired up so they can generate a magnetic dipole field of either sign i.

Magnetic Torquer VMT-35

The magnetorquer creates a magnetic dipole that interfaces with an ambient magnetic field, usually Earth’sso that the counter-forces produced provide useful torque. Magnetorquers are essentially sets of electromagnets which are laid out to yield a rotationally asymmetric anisotropic magnetic field over an extended area. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Mathematically, the torque is provided in the direction of:. The magnetic dipole torauers by the magnetorquer is expressed by the formula:. Over time active control can produce very fast spinning even here, but for accurate attitude control and stabilization the torques provided often aren’t enough. Typically three coils are used, although reduced configurations of two or even one magnet can suffice where full attitude control is not needed or external forces like asymmetric drag allow underactuated control.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The construction of a magnetorquer is based on the realization of a coil with a defined area and number of turns according to the required performances. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


It is also impossible to control attitude in all three axes even if the full three coils are used, because the torque can be generated only perpendicular to the Earth’s magnetic field vector. Any spinning satellite made of a conductive material will lose rotational momentum in Earth’s magnetic field due to generation of eddy currents in its body and the corresponding braking force proportional to its spin rate. Post as a guest Name. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

A broader disadvantage is the dependence on Earth’s magnetic field strength, making this approach unsuitable for deep space missions, and also more suitable for low Earth orbits as opposed to higher ones like the geosynchronous.

Essentially, what happens when you turn on the magnetorquer is that there is a torque applied to move the spacecraft to line up with the magnetic field vector. That field is controlled by switching current flow through the coils on or off, usually under computerized feedback control. Adam Wuerl 3, 11 Tirquers you are lined up perfectly with the magnetic field, you cannot control your rotation about the field.

The dipole interacts with the magnetic field generating a torque whose expression is:.

Email Required, but never shown. Specifically, let’s assume the following hypothetical situation:. However, remember that the magnetic field lines around the Earth are themselves gorquers dipole field, which is a toroidal shape.

All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from December This artificial field interacts with the Earth’s magnetic field to produce a net external torque on the vehicle that will tend to line magneyic the fields.


Magnetorquer – Wikipedia

Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Subsequently, the torques provided are very limited and only serve to accelerate or decelerate the change mafnetic a spacecraft’s attitude by minute amounts.

The three coil assembly usually takes the form of three perpendicular coils, because this setup equalizes the rotational symmetry tkrquers the fields which can be generated; no matter how the external field and the craft are placed with respect to each other, approximately the same torque can always be generated simply by using different amounts of current on the three different coils.

That said, the field is weak, so the actual torque produced by torque rods is very small. A further advantage over momentum wheels and control moment gyroscopes is the absence of moving parts and therefore significantly higher reliability.

Magnetorquers are lightweight, reliable, and energy-efficient. This makes it possible to freely pivot the craft around in a known local gradient of the magnetic field by only using electrical energy.

This means that tkrquers magnetorquer will have to be continuously operated, and at a power level which is enough to counter the resistive forces present. How much control authority do I have, given a magnetic field in body coordinates, and 3 equal strength magnetorquers in orthogonal vectors lined up with the body axis?

Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Retrieved from ” https: I have a location of a satellite in LEO, and maghetic magnetic field vector for said satellite. The dependence on the highly variable intensity of Earth’s magnetic field is also problematic because then the attitude control problem becomes highly nonlinear.