Isocost-isoquant analysis: theory of production: The production function: a figure known as an isoquant diagram (Figure 1). In the graph, goldsmith-hours per. Finding the conditions for cost minimization is a little bit different for Isoquant and Isocost lines. Instead of finding the optimal quantity level for a. Isoquants: An isoquant (equal quantity) is a curve that shows the combinations of certain inputs such as Labor (L) and Capital (K) that will produce a certain.

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A higher isoquant represent iscoost level of output. In this equationPL is the price of labour and Pk is the price of capital.

Profit Maximization Through the Technique of Isoquant and Isocost Line

This is picturised by his budget line called isocost line. This is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos.

It is known as the actual rate of factor substitution, the rate at which the firm can substitute labour by capital in the market place. This is used to isoqunt bots and spam.

This is feature allows you to search the site. Privacy policy About WikiEducator Disclaimers. The prices of the factors of production 2. Each curve shows the alternative combinations of labour and capital that would produce 8 and 10 units of output, respectively.

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Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Retrieved from ” https: Rationality on the part of isoauant producer requires full analywis of resources for optimization of output. The slope depends on the prices of factors of production and the amount of money which the firm spends on the factors.

Alternative Objectives of Business Firms Economics. Google provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. Here, the firm seeks to minimise its cost of producing a given level of output.

If the y -isoquant is smooth and convex to the origin and the cost-minimizing bundle involves a positive amount of each input, then at a cost-minimizing input bundle an isocost line is tangent to the y -isoquant. This indicates that one factor can be used a little more and other factor a little less, without changing the level of output.

Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Isoquants are typically drawn as being convex to the origin because of the assumed substitutability of inputs. It is also known as the equal product curve. From the isoquant map, we can generate the total product curve of each input by holding the quantity of the other input constant.

Equivalently, it gives the maximum level of output that can be produced for a given total cost of inputs. Therefore, choosing the right input combination leads to cost minimization and hence ensures maximum profits. Thus, marginal rate of technical substitution can also be written as the ratio of the marginal product of labor to that of the marginal product of capital.


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The cost function for a firm with two variable inputs

This is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. Specifically, the point of tangency between any isoquant and an isocost line gives the lowest-cost combination of inputs that can produce the level of output associated with that isoquant.

The cost is minimum, when the input combination is optimal. In the theory of consumer behavior, we analyze the equilibrium of a consumer with the help of the indifference curve analysis. We can see that the shape of isoquant plays an important a role in the production theory as the shape of indifference curve in the consumption theory. This page has been accessedtimes. The least cost factor combination can be determined by imposing the isoquant map on isocost line.

The firm can achieve maximum profits by choosing that combination of factors which will cost it the least.

This is used to wnd data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. When this happens the ratio of the prices of factors is the same as the ratio of their marginal products.