¼” screws at four jamb corners – screws bending corners screws bending. – tearing in frame wall at connections pushing limits of ASTM F □ Minimal. Mullion/Frame Design – Allowable Stress Design. ▫ Design Load = Equivalent 3 second design load ASTM F ▫ Info Required –. ▫ 1) Level of Protection. 1 Aug ASTM a, F , “Standard practice for specifying an equivalent 3- second duration design loading for blast resistant glazing fabricated.

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ASTM F 2248

Conditions vary with respect to the travel distance of the breakage debris. This standard was published by ASTM F14 which is a committee specializes about on systems products and services.

The fasteners that attach the framing system that supports the glazing to the structural framing system shall be designed sstm resist a uniform load acting on the blast resistant glazing that has a magnitude of at least:. Laminated glass fabricated with fully tempered glass plies has a tendency to leave the supporting r system frame after fracture whereas laminated glass fabricated with annealed or heat strengthened glass plies will remain in the frame and absorb remaining load through tensile membrane behavior.

Assistant Editor Onjeinika Brooks obrooks same. ASTM International which was funded inis an international standards developing organization that develops and publishes standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.

The standard atsm different methods to check the thickness and type of blast resistant glazing fabricated with laminated glass to glaze a fenestration.

It is r intent of blast mitigation to control the fracture of glazing in such a way that it does not create these hazards. The blast wave, as it surrounds the structure, then creates both a downward pressure on the roof and an inward pressure on the sides of the building.


Values given in parentheses are for information only. Great progress in design practice and product development has been made in the past decade, and will continue to be made atsm forward. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. Views Read Edit View history.

Differing building shapes can either dissipate or accentuate an explosive blast. The purpose of blast resistant design is to minimize the hazards caused by a blast as opposed to preventing damages.

Engineers at the University of Missouri are developing a layer of glass fiber embedded in plastic that provides a reduced overall glass thickness, added strength to resist blasts, and transparency that qstm of the laminates do not have.

The performance of building envelopes and cladding components during an explosive blast is more geared towards mitigating the hazards caused by the blast, as it has been found that many of the atm and fatalities have been a direct result of flying glass and wall debris.

Glass plies used to construct laminated glass are recommended to be either annealed or heat strengthened glass. Many of the leading window manufactures also have specific blast-resistant window models that incorporate these technologies in a singular system. This criteria applies provisions for glazing, framing, connections and supporting structural elements.

A range of manufacturers produce various lamination products based on desired response and performance characteristics. UFC DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings document was most recently updated in Februaryand includes blast resistance criteria t windows 22448 both new and existing facilities.

ASTM F – Wikipedia

Batten bars may be used to increase the anchorage capacity of the glass itself. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


Window Design for Blast Hazard Mitigation Reducing damage caused by explosive blasts has become an emerging area of interest due to several high-profile incidents over the last two decades. Prior to this, there were essentially no government-wide blast resistance standards for security for civilian federal facilities. The report established security standards and levels for existing facilities.

This load is then used for design of the assembly frame, glazing frame bite, connections, and supporting structural elements. This page was last edited on 28 Marchat The fasteners that attach the framing system that supports the glazing to the structural framing system shall be designed to resist a uniform load acting on the blast resistant glazing that has a magnitude of at least: Terrorist activity is highly unpredictable and exists from a wide range of sources, leading to the increasing demand for reducing hazards in the event of an explosive blast.

Window Design for Blast Hazard Mitigation

The system shall be designed to ensure that the glazing fails prior to the framing system that supports the glazing and its attachment to the structural framing system. Immediately following the Oklahoma City bombing of the Alfred P.

Alexandria, VA Retrieved from ” https: ASTM F is a standard practice for specifying an equivalent 3-Second Duration design loading for blast resistant glazing fabricated with laminated glass.