21 Nov Appendix B – NEC User Manual Installation. 4NEC2 is a NEC based antenna modeler and optimizer developed by Arie Voors. This is a 3rd. 22 Aug Hello! Does anyone know where I can find some good tutorial/guide to get a basics of how to use 4nec2. I am total beginner. I was able to find. 14 Sep 4NEC2 is a freeware antenna simulation software program. The guide already shows what the main windows of 4NEC2 do, and shows you If you mean operating instructions, I will redo the manual soon and upload it in a.

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Choose only one variable at a time to begin with. The numbers I came up with were 24 ft. The more inductance the better for these tasks, but we have to build the inductor, either air-core or with ferrite, to hang on tutoroal feed line and there will be capacitance.

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Besides the antenna I also modeled the feed transmission line to the transmitter. How much gain will this antenna give me?

Published by Gary Rondeau. Reflections from the ends of the cable will tend to cancel each other out with this special length cable.

You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Facebook account. But rather than using another wire, realize that I already have a wire coming back down from the feed point, namely the outside of the co-ax feed itself.

A choke near the feed point for a normal dipole is trying to choke off the RF compared to the drive impedance at that point — which may be only a 50 to ohms. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.


One way to get a handle on this is to compare signal levels against an isotropic antenna. Skip to content Vertical dipole with transmission line feed and choked feed line.

Antenna Simulation Tutorials using 4nec2 – KW4FB

This is probably the main downfall to this antenna design because it depends so strongly on getting this choke right. Initial tests look pretty good. If I use 75 ohm coax, how long should the transmission line be? View all posts by Gary Tytorial. Figuring out the self capacitance of the choke coil took a little research.

Vertical antenna radiation patterns. This site uses cookies. Longer radials help a little for the conventional ground-based antenna.

A Simple Pull-up Mono-Band Verticle Dipole Antenna Design – and 4NEC2 Tutorial – Squash Practice

Now for some question we might hope 4NEC2 can answer. Should I use 50 ohm or 75 ohm coax? I then run the rest of the feed line down to ground where NEC assumes it is grounded and which could be where the radio is located.

With vertical antennas, the ground model will have an enormous effect on the tuorial of losses, far field radiation pattern, and gain. My gut feeling is that all this effort is misplaced. What about that choke?

The SWR without additional tuning is around 1. Vertical tutprial are nice this way, since you just need a wire straight up in the air and you naturally get an azimuthally symmetric pattern.

A Simple Pull-up Mono-Band Verticle Dipole Antenna Design – and 4NEC2 Tutorial

For the resonant feed line antenna, the choke is located at the end of 4nrc2 radiating element where the local impedance is very high — voltage maximum and current approaching zero. I just pulled this up in the tree today. Calculated inductance is I have tall trees. Remember, toothat you do not want a design that is sensitive to small parameter variations. Rasing the antenna higher improves the elevated vertical dipole.


Note that the capacitance is almost entirely just a function of the coil diameter. If you have a tall tree, there seems to be little reason to spend too much time burying radials in the lawn!

Email required Address never made public. The gain of elevated antennas is especially better for low radiation angles less than 15 degrees. Attempts at direct measurement of capacitance are confounded by parasitic capacitance of scope probes and by resonances with the physical length of coil wires and connections themselves, so that the measured resonances do not reflect the desired stray capacitance of the coil but rather the length of wires.

The outside of the coax is part of the antenna system itself, and includes the RF choke that defines tutoriall lower driven element of the antenna. The important 4mec2 to do is to define the end of that radiating segment for RF, so there we place a choke. I try to express the dimensions as functions of things I might like to change, for example the height of the top of the antenna. Unlike a simple choke on a tuforial to keep the RF out tutoriwl the shack, the choke for this application has a much more difficult job to do.

If we knew the reactance of the choke we could model it with NEC.