KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques. This manual cannot teach anyone how to be, or become, a good Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and. “An environment still more subject to control, such as water-tank or iron lung, is even more effective,” the KUBARK manual concludes.
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Creating a sense of unfamiliarity, disorientation and isolation seems to be the hallmarks of psychologically undermining a detainee in the purview of the KUBARK manual.
The success of kuabrk interrogators depends in large measure upon their use, conscious or not, of these principles and of processes and techniques deriving from them. Why does a person convict himself through a confession, when, at the very worst, no confession would leave him at least as well off and possibly better off?
The Detailed Questioning 4. The interrogation of a resistant source who is a staff or agent member of an Orbit kubarj or security service or of a clandestine Communist organization is one of the most exacting of professional tasks.
In the opening phases of interrogation, or in a quick interrogation, we are compelled to make some use of the shorthand of categorizing, despite distortions.
A fledgling or disaffected Communist or agent, for example, might be brought to confession and cooperation without the use of any external coercive forces other than the interrogation situation itself, through the above-described progression of subjective events. In actuality this something is a sense of guilt, of the kind kubrk above.
Every effort has been made to report and interpret these findings kkbark our own language, in place of the terminology employed by the psychologists. Usually kybark odds still favor the interrogator, but they are sharply cut by the training, experience, patience and toughness of the interrogatee. The walk-in may be asked to identify all relatives and friends in the area, or even the country, in which PBPRIME asylum is first requested. Threats and Fear G. Arrangements are usually made to record the interrogation, transmit it to another room, or do both.
That is, he should not manuaie pleased, flattered, frustrated, goaded, or otherwise emotionally and personally affected by the interrogation. Otherwise, the chances are that the interrogation will not produce optimum results.
Is there a torture manual?
For the same reason there should not be a telephone in the room; it is certain kubqrk ring at precisely the wrong moment. Sometimes the injustice was meted out impersonally, by fate, as a physical deformity, an extremely painful illness or operation in childhood, or the early loss of one parent or both.
The first is a specific negative reaction to the interrogator. The manuals advise that torture techniques can backfire kubsrk that kunark threat of pain is often more effective than pain itself. With this common understanding established, the interrogation can move on to impersonal matters and will not later be thwarted or interrupted — or at least not as often — by irrelevant answers designed not to provide facts but to prove that the interrogatee is a respectable member of the human race.
Some security services, especially those of the Sino-Soviet Bloc, may work at leisure, depending upon time as well as their own methods to melt recalcitrance. Adopting the tone of an understanding father or big brother is likely to make the subject responsive. The handling and questioning of defectors are subject to the provisions of [one or two words deleted] Directive No. A Vietnamese paratrooper threatens a suspected Viet Cong soldier with a bayonet nanuais an interrogation in Soon after, the U.
To be persuasive, the sympathy or anger must be genuine; but to be useful, it must not interfere with the deeper level of precise, unaffected observation. She takes her completed work into the inner office, manuqis back out, and telephones a request that someone come up to act as legal witness.
From this point of view an interrogation can be deemed successful if a source who is actually a hostile agent can report to the opposition only the general fields of our interest but cannot pinpoint specifics without including manhais information. A few of the following items are drawn from Sheehan. Whenever a number of interrogators is available, the percentage of successes is increased by careful matching of questioners and sources and by ensuring that rigid prescheduling does not prevent such matching.
Questioning suspects immediately, on a flimsy factual basis, will usually cause waste of time, not save it. These differences are more pronounced in persons from small families then in those kubrak grew up in large families. Though he retreats from reality, he does kubbark want to feel abandoned.
Emotional resistance can be dissipated only by emotional manipulation. Cooperative witnesses may be coached to exaggerate so that if a recording is played for the interrogatee or a confrontation is arranged, the source — for example, a suspected courier — finds the witness overstating his importance.
U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals
Even children are very quick to feel this kind of pretense. After about an hour the interrogator who has been questioning the interrogatee in past sessions opens the door and asks the manuaix to come in, with steno pad and pencils. People who show these characteristics are actually unusually fearful. A plain table may be preferable.
U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia
Pictures should be missing or dull. Has a quit-claim been obtained? The interrogation process is a continuum, and everything that takes place in the continuum influences all subsequent events.
Once it is established that the source is probably a counterintelligence target in other words, is probably a member of a foreign intelligence or security service, a Communist, or a part of any other group engaged in clandestine activity directed against the national securitythe interrogation is planned and conducted accordingly.
Click here to cancel reply. The witness has no explanation. A distinction should be drawn as soon as possible between sources who will be sent to [approx. It is also essential that the interrogatee know or suspect that the witness may be in possession of the incriminating information.
The effect of someone wandering in because he forgot his pen or wants to invite the interrogator to lunch can be devastating. The suggested procedure for arriving at a preliminary assessment of walk-ins remains the same [approx. It is the business of the interrogator to provide the right rationalization at the right time. And he can create and amplify an effect of omniscience in a number of ways. The search of the pertinent scientific literature disclosed no reports of studies based on common denominator traits of successful interrogators or any other controlled inquiries that would invest these lists with any objective validity.
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