Kashmiri embroidery(also Kashida) is used for phirans (woollen kurtas) and namdahs (woollen rugs)as well as stoles. It draws. Kashida, also known as Kasida, is one of the oldest forms of embroidery that originated in Jammu and Kashmir. Kashida embroidery is created. Kashmir is best known for a lot of things and its beauty being top of the list. But in that list, Kashida embroidery has also made its place quite.

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Everything About Kashmiri Kashida Embroidery | Utsav Fashion Blog

Previous post Next post. Stylized sun, moon, stars and the eye of the peacock feathers are used in Toda embroidery.

Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Nilgiri Hills, inhabited by the Todu community have their own style called pugur, means flower.

The embroidery adorns the shawls.

Kashida Embroidery

Thread colors are inspired by local flowers. Designs in Indian embroidery are formed on the basis of the texture and the design of the fabric and the stitch. This very colourful embroidery style, using stark contrast was embroiderh used only for garments, but now it can be found on bags, accessories, home furnishings, etc.

Apart from clothes, it’s found on home furnishings like bed spreads, sofa and floor cushions, and pillow covers. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Bright red, yellow, black and white coloured cloth is laid in bands and joined with a white criss-cross stitch.

This embroidery style is made by the Rabari [28] or Rewari community of Rajasthan and Gujarat. Known to be one of the most ancient and traditional type of intrinsic art, Kashida Embroidery, also spelled as Kasida defines its cultural essence through the medium of bead and threadwork, which has gained maximum popularity, fame and recognition in the ethnic land of Jammu and Kashmir. Traditionally, worn out clothes and saris were piled together and stitched into quilts.


Some of the stitches that are used in Chikankari work include: McLeod The Sants: Aari work involves a hook, plied from the top but fed by silk thread from below with the material spread out on a frame.

It is said that this technique originated in far away land of Armenia and found its way to Gujarat by travelling Nomads. The craftsmen use shades that blend with the background.

Mukesh work known also as badla or fardiincludes women making shiny stitches amid chikan embroidery using a needle and long, thin strips of metal. The emroidery styles of the Punjab region include kalabatun embroidery [23] using thin wires.

Khandela in Shekhawati is famous for its manufacture. Chikan embroidery is believed to have been introduced by Nur Jahan, [9] the wife of Jahangir.

The base cloth, whether wool or cottonis generally white or cream or a similar shade. As this embroidered fabric can go along with every season of the year without compromising on comfort and convenience, the demand quotient for this embroidery has risen in numbers in every pocket of the world. Plain wire is called ‘badla’, and when wound round a thread, it is called ‘kasav’. Kasuti is done with single thread and involves counting of each thread on the cloth.

Kalabatan surkh involves using gold wires on orange kashuda and red silk.

Embroidery of India

Kashmiri embroidery is known for the skilled execution of a single stitch, which is often called the Kashmiri stitch and which may comprise the chain stitch, the satin stitch, the slanted darn stitch, the stem stitch, and the herringbone stitch. Metal ingots were melted and pressed through perforated steel sheets to convert into wires, which then were hammered kashhida the required thinness.

At least 40 different stitches are documented, of which about 30 are still practiced today and include flat, raised and embossed stitches, and the open trellis-like jaali work. As Todas worship the buffaloes, buffalo becomes an important motif in the Toda embroidery among mettvi kaanpugur, Izhadvinpuguti and others.

Wilkinson-Weber Embroidering Lives: Originally ebroidery work was done to built the chariots for Puri Rath Yatra and was also used for parasols, canopies and pillows for the Rath Yatra. Practiced by the Lambada [5] gypsy tribes of Andhra PradeshBanjara embroidery is a mix of applique with mirrors and beadwork. The central themes focus on Lord Krishna. Chikan embroidery on silk is Lucknow’s own innovation.


Aari embroidery is practiced in various regions such as in Kashmir [3] and Kutch Gujarat. There are two kinds of gold embroidery, one of a solid and rich kind called kar-chob and embroidry other called tila-kar or kar-chikan utilising gold thread.

Persian and Kashmiri embroidery blended its essence together kashiida came out with various forms of nature influenced motifs and designs which defined the Indo Persian floral pattern and design outlook in the artwork of Kashida. Kashida is primarily done on canvas with crystal threads, but Kashida also employs pashmina and leather threads. Bagh and phulkari embroidery of the Punjab region has influenced Heer Bharat embroidery in its use of geometrical motifs and stitchery.

It’s usually found in combination with other types of stitches like cross stitch, buttonhole stitch and satin stitch, nowadays not only by hand but also by machine. However, characteristic forms of stitch were developed in Lucknow: The thread consists of coiled metal wires placed on the right side of the fabric rmbroidery couched with a thinner thread.

Embroidery of India – Wikipedia

Single stitch style is considered to be the signature style of Kashida Embroidery. This embroidery flourished in the princely hill states of Kangra[7] ChambaBasholi, and other neighbouring provinces. It is also known as Mochibharat, as it used to be done by mochis cobblers. Smaller spangles are kawhida ‘sitara’ and tiny dots made of badla are called ‘mukais’ or ‘mukesh’.