Simarubàcia, Simarubàcies o Simaroubaceae és una família de plantes amb flors. Sobre la seva classificació taxonòmica hi ha hagut un important debat. Họ (familia), Simaroubaceae . “The Ecological Impact of Allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae)”. American “Simaroubàceae—Ailanthus family”. Euleria (Anacardiaceae) is Pier asma (Simaroubaceae): The genus genera of Simaroubaceae and species of Picrasma. .. Palinología de la familia.
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Protolimonoids and quassinoids from Picrolemma granatensis. Constituents of Ailanthus excelsa Simaroubaceae. Simaba ferruginea showed antiulcerogenic activity by gastroprotection Almeida et al. In vivo antimalarial activities of Quassia amara and Quassia undulata plant extracts in mice. Antiasthmatic and antiallergic potential of methanolic extract of leaves of Ailanthus excelsa. Structure d’un nouveau quassinoide, la castela none. Polen morphology and plant taxonomy: Polen morphology and plant taxonomy.
Anti-hiv activity of quassinoids. The main distribution hot spots are located at tropical areas of America, extending to Africa, Madagascar and regions of Australia bathed by the Faamilia. Indole alkaloids from Quassia amara.
Anti-inflammatory compounds from the leaves of Ailanthus altissima. Regarding the amebicide activity of quassinoids Wright et al.
Kundu and Laskar reported 91 terpenoids, quassinoids included. A newantimalarial quassinoid from Simaba orinocensis.
Indaquassin A and B: Eurycoma longifolia, stimulated the increase in spermatogenesis and fertility in rats Low et al. Antiulcerogenic activity of four extracts obtained from the bark wood of Quassia amara L. This last molecule has been proved to be more potent than paclitaxel and cisplatine, drugs commonly used in therapeutic Lavhale et al.
Simaroubaceae family: botany, chemical composition and biological activities
Triterpenes Twenty triterpenes have been reported in six different species of the genus Simaba Barbosa et al. Most of the isolated quassinoids have a twenty carbon skeleton Curcino Vieira and Braz-Filho, ; Guo et al.
In Brazil, this family is represented by the genera Quassia and Picrolemma, in the Amazon, Castela and Picrasma, to the South; and Simaba, Simarouba and Picrolema, which are present troughout the country Arriaga et al. In vitro anti trypanosomal activities of quassinoid compounds from the fruits of a medicinal plant, Brucea javanica. Picrasane quassinoids from Picrasma javanica. Moreover, against the latter, a squalene-type triterpenoid was also active.
Picrolemma sprucei exhibits anthelmintic activity against Haemonchus contortus, a ruminant’s parasite Nunomura et al. Simaroubaceae extract and its bioactive principles in rats.
The ovary is superior, above a short gynophore or above a four or five carpels disk, generally free at the base and fused by the style with one in the case of Quassia or two ovules famila carpel.
Quassimarin, isolated from Quassia amara, showed activity against lymphocytic leukemia in rats, and carcinoma nasopharynx cells in human Kupchan and Streelman, Lothario Meissner, – Jd. Canthinones from Simaba cuspidate. Structural studies on glaucarubin from Simarouba glauca.
The chemical compounds of this nature were, initially, known as “quassin”, after a physician named Quassi used the bark of Simaroubaceae plants to treat fever. simarooubaceae
Simarouba – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
This chemical diversity and the pharmacological activities of the isolated compounds; such as cytotoxicity, antimalarial, insecticidal, antitumor, hypoglycemic, antiulcer activities, among others, characterize the species of this particular family. Although the chemical and pharmacological potential of Simaroubaceae family as well as its participation in official compendia; such as British, German, French and Brazilian pharmacopoeias, and patent registration, many of its species have not been studied yet.
Tirucallane, apotirucallane, and octanorapotirucallane triterpenes of Simarouba amara. The first isolated and identified quassinoids were quassin 6 and neoquassin 7from Quassia amara; ismaroubaceae isolation was done in by Clark in the ‘s. Structures of shinjulactones B, D and E.
Isolation and X-ray crystal structures of shinjudilactone and shinjulactone C and conversion of ailanthone into shunjudilactone. The isolation of 27 steroids from four species of Ailanthus simzroubaceae performed by Kundu and Laskar An example of this is that sincewhen the first quassinoide structure was elucidated, the growing interest on various species of Simaroubaceae family resulted in the isolation and identification of the more than currently-known quassinoids Curcino Vieira and Braz-Filho, Polyandrol, a C19 quassinoid from Castela polyandra.
Cytotoxic and antimalarial constituents from the roots of Eurycoma longifolia.