At the center of the Jewish daily prayers are the 19 blessings that make up the silent prayer, known in Hebrew as the Amidah (lit. “standing”) or Shemoneh Esrei . The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. The Amidah also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה ), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy.

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They also plead for six needs of the Jewish people: The typical weekday Amidah actually consists of nineteen blessings, though it originally had eighteen hence the alternative name Shemoneh Esrehmeaning “Eighteen”.

Jewish Prayers: The Amidah

This article is about a Jewish prayer. Following the establishment of the State of Israel and the reunification of Jerusalemsome Orthodox authorities proposed changes to the special Nachem “Console The many laws concerning the Amidah’s mode of prayer are designed to focus one’s concentration as one beseeches God.

The language of the Amidah most likely comes from the mishnaic period, [4] both before and after payer destruction of the Temple 70 CE. In Yemenite Jewish synagogues and some Aamidah synagogues, kohanim chant the priestly blessing daily, even outside Israel. During the prayef recitation of the Amidah on Yom Kippur the prayer is slightly modified to read “seal us” in the book of life, rather than “write us”.

If one is alone, it is permissible to raise one’s voice slightly if it helps concentration. May the words of my mouth and the meditations of my heart be acceptable in Thy sight, O Eternal, my rock and my redeemer.

The change is made on these holidays because they are days of great joy, and because they are days of heavy attendance at public prayers. This repetition is called hazarat ha-shatz. Conservative Judaism is divided on the role of the Mussaf Amidah. Similarly, one takes three steps back amiidah finishing the final meditation after the Amidah, and then says while bowing left, right, and forward, “He who makes peace in the heavens, may He make peace for us and all Israel, and let us say, Amen.


On public fast daysspecial amidab for mercy are added to the Amidah. At Minchah, the chazzan adds Aneinu in his repetition again, as at Shacharit. Views Read Edit View history. In the Ashkenazi custom, it is also the only time that the Avinu Malkeinu prayer is said on Shabbat, should Yom Kippur fall on Shabbat, though by this point Shabbat is celestially over.

This has the same basic structure as the other Shabbat Amidahs but stresses the sacrificial offerings of the Temple in the middle blessing. As a result, references to a personal messiah as opposed to a messianic age, resurrection of the dead, restoration of the sacrificial cult, and the existence of angels are all rephrased. The most recent known change to hebbrew text of the standard daily Amidah by an authority accepted by Orthodox Judaism was done by the Arizal in the 16th century.

By listening and answering “Amen” at the end of each blessing, these worshipers fulfilled their obligation of prayer. Instead of beseeching God to rebuild Jerusalem and reestablish the Davidic monarchy, the Reform version is a prayer for the present and continuing welfare of the land and people of Israel.

The blessings of petition ask for six prayfr needs: Accordingly, since the Ma’ariv service was originally optional, as it replaces the overnight burning of ashes on the Temple altar rather than a specific sacrifice, Maariv’s Amidah is not repeated by the hazzan readerwhile all other Amidot hebrfw repeated.

During the eighth blessing, for healing, many siddurim prayer books include a prayer that asks God to heal a specific person and has a place to insert the name of anyone who is bebrew. Rema 16th century wrote that this is no longer necessary, because “nowadays Blessing of the Moon.

The words must be audible to oneself, but one should be careful to pray softly enough not to disturb others.

Amidah – Wikipedia

Blessing of the Sun. This represents a turn away from the traditional article of faith that God will resurrect pfayer dead. The reason for this procedure is that the Hebrew word for “blessed” baruch is related to “knee” berech ; while the verse in Psalms states, “The Lord straightens the bent.


One who stands in Jerusalem should face the Temple. However, the text of this blessing differs from on Shabbat. Last updated 14 May This symbolizes that the heart is the source of the temptation to sin.

The Reform siddur also modifies this prayer, eliminating all reference to the Temple service and replacing the request for the restoration of the Temple with “God who is near to all who call upon you, turn to your servants and be gracious to us; pour your spirit upon us.

Jerusalem – Blessing Fourteen of the Amidah

Thou art good, for Thy mercies are endless: Sephardic tradition, which prohibits such additions, places them before the Mussaf Amidah. Some feminist Jews have added the names of Bilhah and Zilpahsince they were mothers to four tribes of Prayyer.

Kedushah is said only with a minyan quorem of tenand may amidha be interrupted for conversation. On Tisha b’Av at mincha, one adds a paragraph called nahem comfort us to the fourteenth blessing, on Jerusalem v’liyerushalayim. On regular weekdays, the Amidah is prayed three times, once each during the morning, afternoon, and evening services that are known respectively as ShacharitMinchahand Ma’ariv.

The rabbis add that this pose mirrors the vision of angels that Ezekiel had in which the feet of the angels appeared as one Ezekiel 1: The Friday night service stresses God’s sanctification as it relates to the creation of the world.

Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings. The congregation traditionally stands during the entire repetition of this prayer, which contains a variety pprayer confessional and supplicatory additions.